Bloating and Gas Disorders
Bloating occurs when gas builds up in the stomach or intestines as the body breaks food down, causing the abdomen to become swollen. Symptoms of bloating may include mild discomfort or pain in the abdominal area and excessive gas, or flatulence.
Bloating is often caused by eating fatty or high-carbohydrate foods, drinking carbonated beverages, or eating very quickly. In some cases, bloating may be linked to an existing health condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance or celiac disease.
Many cases of bloating can be resolved by making dietary changes, eating at a slower pace, or taking over-the-counter antacids to help break up gas. If the condition does not improve with such changes, or the patient experiences chest pain, bloody stools or severe abdominal pain, it is important to consult a doctor, since these symptoms may be a sign of a more serious digestive problem.